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Fault detection with moving window PCA using NIRS spectra for monitoring the anaerobic digestion process

Abstract : Principal component analysis (PCA) is a popular method for process monitoring. However, most processes are time-varying, thus older samples are not representative of the current process status. This led to the introduction of adaptive-PCA based monitoring, such as moving window PCA (MWPCA). In this study, near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) responses to digester failures were evaluated to develop a spectral data processing tool. Tests were performed with a spectroscopic probe (350-2,500 nm), using a 35 L mesophilic continuously stirred tank reactor. Co-digestion experiments were performed with pig slurry mixed with several co-substrates. Different stresses were induced by abruptly increasing the organic load rate, changing the feedstock or stopping the stirring. Physicochemical parameters as well as NIRS spectra were acquired for lipid, organic and protein overloads experiments. MWPCA was then applied to the collected spectra for a multivariate statistical process control. MWPCA outputs, Hotelling T2 and residuals Q statistics showed that most of the induced dysfunctions can be detected with variations in these statistics according to a defined criterion based on spectroscopic principles and the process. MWPCA appears to be a multivariate statistical method that could help in decision support in industrial biogas plants.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02964143
Contributor : Isabelle Nault <>
Submitted on : Monday, October 12, 2020 - 11:05:31 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, October 14, 2020 - 4:25:28 AM

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L. Awhangbo, R. Bendoula, Jean-Michel Roger, F. Béline. Fault detection with moving window PCA using NIRS spectra for monitoring the anaerobic digestion process. Water Science and Technology, IWA Publishing, 2020, 81 (2), pp.367-382. ⟨10.2166/wst.2020.117⟩. ⟨hal-02964143⟩

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