Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Journal articles

In research, the tools and perspectives employed by scientists are often strongly influenced by social factors. Using grasslands as a study system, we observed how INRA and its technical scientific framework played a major role in changes in crop and livestock farming during the second half of the 20th century. This period witnessed a shift from a rural farming model to a more industrial model, and the latter has provoked debate ever since. This study highlights the historical moments when technological choices and alternative approaches emerged and discusses the factors that propelled them. It identifies three major events: i) the explosion of new technologies as a result of scientific and technical discoveries; ii) the end of science's analytical, normative, and restricted vision in the 1970s; and iii) the rebellion against modern agriculture by a large segment of society, which seeks to change current perspectives and establish new standards for agricultural development.

Abstract : The example of grassland, as an object of research and valorization for cattle breeders, makes it possible to show how the INRA and the procedures of technical supervision of agriculture played a major role in the evolution of agriculture and cattle breeding during the second half of the 20th century. This article brings out alternatives and technological choices as well as their deciding factors. Three big shifts are singled out. The first is the rise of new technologies based on scientific and technical progress. The second, which began in the 1970s, marked a turn away from the analytic, normative and top-down view of science toward the agents involved in this progress. The third shift was induced by the protest against agricultural modernization by a large fraction of society, modifying attitudes and producing new norms for agricultural development.
Document type :
Journal articles
Complete list of metadata

https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-02965233
Contributor : Christopher Lallemant <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, October 13, 2020 - 10:07:50 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, October 14, 2020 - 3:01:07 AM

Identifiers

Collections

Citation

Claude Béranger, Philippe Lacombe. In research, the tools and perspectives employed by scientists are often strongly influenced by social factors. Using grasslands as a study system, we observed how INRA and its technical scientific framework played a major role in changes in crop and livestock farming during the second half of the 20th century. This period witnessed a shift from a rural farming model to a more industrial model, and the latter has provoked debate ever since. This study highlights the historical moments when technological choices and alternative approaches emerged and discusses the factors that propelled them. It identifies three major events: i) the explosion of new technologies as a result of scientific and technical discoveries; ii) the end of science's analytical, normative, and restricted vision in the 1970s; and iii) the rebellion against modern agriculture by a large segment of society, which seeks to change current perspectives and establish new standards for agricultural development.. Histoire de la recherche contemporaine : la revue du Comité pour l’histoire du CNRS , CNRS Éditions, 2019, pp.167-179. ⟨10.4000/hrc.831⟩. ⟨hal-02965233⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

10