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Spatial organization plasticity as an adaptive driver of surface microbial communities

Abstract : Biofilms are dynamic habitats which constantly evolve in response to environmental fluctuations and thereby constitute remarkable survival strategies for microorganisms. The modulation of biofilm functional properties is largely governed by the active remodeling of their three-dimensional structure and involves an arsenal of microbial self-produced components and interconnected mechanisms. The production of matrix components, the spatial reorganization of ecological interactions, the generation of physiological heterogeneity, the regulation of motility, the production of actives enzymes are for instance some of the processes enabling such spatial organization plasticity. In this contribution, we discussed the foundations of architectural plasticity as an adaptive driver of biofilms through the review of the different microbial strategies involved. Moreover, the possibility to harness such characteristics to sculpt biofilm structure as an attractive approach to control their functional properties, whether beneficial or deleterious, is also discussed.
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Arnaud Bridier, Jean-Christophe Piard, Caroline Pandin, Simon Labarthe, Florence Dubois-Brissonnet, et al.. Spatial organization plasticity as an adaptive driver of surface microbial communities. Frontiers in Microbiology, Frontiers Media, 2017, 8, ⟨10.3389/fmicb.2017.01364⟩. ⟨hal-01605872⟩

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