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Biochar as a strategy to manage plant diseases caused by pathogens inhabiting the soil: a critical review

Abstract : The current agricultural scenario faces a range of challenges, with phytosanitary ones being paramount. In most cases, plant diseases are treated with chemicals; however, they cause environmental pollution and face the acquired resistance of pathogens. Alternatively, biochar is a valuable tool for inducing the systemic resistance of plants since it is an effective and widely used resource to improve the physical, chemical, and biological attributes of the soil, consequently providing an adequate environment for healthy plant development. The effectiveness of the application of biochar in the control of plant diseases has been attributed to its alkaline pH, which contributes to the growth of beneficial microorganisms and increases the availability of nutrients, and to its porous structure, which provides a habitat and protection for the development of the soil microbiome. Therefore, the combined effect of improvements to soil attributes through biochar creates its role in controlling pathogens. This review assesses the beneficial and potential effects of biochar in agricultural soils, as well as showing the positive effects of biochar in the management of soil pathogens. Besides, we deeply evaluate twenty papers that used biochar as a strategy to manage plant diseases caused by pathogens inhabiting the soil in different soil-pathogen-plant systems. Among these studies, 70 % validate biochar as a strategy for the management of plant diseases; 10 % of studies showed that the efficiency of biochar as a disease management tool depends on the type of feedstock, and 20 % of studies describes that the biochar is not a management tool for suppressive diseases, caused by Pythium ultimum and Rhizoctonia solani in some host plants. The biochar is a strategy to manage plant diseases caused by pathogens inhabiting the soil, due different mechanisms as fungitoxic effect of biochar, sorption of allelopathic and phytotoxic compounds that can harm the plant, induction of plant resistance, increase of activities and abundance of beneficial microorganism’s, changes in soil quality as nutrient availability and abiotic conditions.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03138980
Contributor : Hélène Lesur <>
Submitted on : Thursday, February 11, 2021 - 3:47:24 PM
Last modification on : Monday, March 1, 2021 - 7:01:29 PM

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Erika Valente de Medeiros, Neyla Thayná Lima, José Romualdo de Sousa Lima, Kedma Maria Silva Pinto, Diogo Paes da Costa, et al.. Biochar as a strategy to manage plant diseases caused by pathogens inhabiting the soil: a critical review. Phytoparasitica, 2021, ⟨10.1007/s12600-021-00887-y⟩. ⟨hal-03138980⟩

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