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Production of β-glucosidases by European Armillaria species

Abstract : Abstract Production of β-glucosidase was investigated in nine isolates of Armillaria representing four species found in Europe: Armillaria mellea and Armillaria ostoyae, considered to be pathogenic and moderately pathogenic, respectively, and Armillaria. gallica and Armillaria cepistipes, both considered to be non-pathogenic. β-glucosidase was predominantly produced in the rhizomorphs, while the vegetative mycelium produced only a low amount of enzyme. Pachlewski's medium containing ammonium tartrate, glucose, maltose and thiamine was very efficient in promoting differentiation and growth of rhizomorphs. In A. ostoyae and A. cepistipes, a large proportion of β-glucosidase production was endocellular, but the rhizomorphs of all species excreted significant amounts of the enzyme in the culture medium once they had grown. The pathogenic species A. ostoyae and A. mellea excreted significantly more β-glucosidase than the non-pathogenic species, indicating that this enzyme might play a key role in pathogenicity. Native intracellular β-glucosidases were visualized as three bands at 470, 164 and 82 kDa on polyacrylamide gradient gels. The native excreted enzymes exhibited two, three or four bands depending on the isolates, with molecular weights ranging from 170 to 400 kDa.
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Contributor : Noureddine El Mjiyad <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, February 24, 2021 - 10:03:13 AM
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H. Idder-Ighili, A. Agustian, M. Idder, J. Guillaumin, Daniel Wipf, et al.. Production of β-glucosidases by European Armillaria species. Forest Pathology, Wiley, 2020, pp.e12624. ⟨10.1111/efp.12624⟩. ⟨hal-03150779⟩



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