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Structural Investigation of the Vitamin K Epoxide Reductase (VKORC1) Binding Site with Vitamin K

Abstract : The vitamin K epoxide reductase (VKORC1) enzyme is of primary importance in many physiological processes, i.e., blood coagulation, energy metabolism, and arterial calcification prevention, due to its role in the vitamin K cycle. Indeed, VKORC1 catalyzes reduction of vitamin K epoxide to quinone and then to hydroquinone. However, the three-dimensional VKORC1 structure remains experimentally undetermined, because of the endoplasmic reticulum membrane location of this enzyme. Here we present a molecular modeling investigation of the VKORC1 enzymatic site structure and function, supported by in vitro enzymatic assays. Four VKORC1 mutants were designed in silico (F55G, F55Y, N80G, and F83G) based on a previous study that identified residues F55, N80, and F83 as being crucial for vitamin K epoxide binding. F55G, N80G, and F83G nonconservative mutants were all predicted to be inactive by molecular modeling analyses. However, the F55Y conservative mutant was expected to be active compared to wild-type VKORC1. In vitro enzymatic assays performed on recombinant proteins assessed our molecular modeling hypotheses and led us to describe the role of accurate VKORC1 active site residues with respect to VKORC1. Residues F55, N80, and F83 appeared to act in a concerted manner to keep vitamin K epoxide close to the C135 catalytic residue. Residues F55 and N80 prevent naphthoquinone head rotation away from the active site, assisted by residue F83 that prevents vitamin K from sliding outside the enzymatic pocket, through hydrophobic tail stabilization. Our results thus highlighted the specific functions of VKORC1 catalytic pocket residues and evidenced the ability of our structural model to predict biological effects of VKORC1 mutations.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03151932
Contributor : Sabine Rossi <>
Submitted on : Thursday, February 25, 2021 - 10:37:38 AM
Last modification on : Sunday, February 28, 2021 - 3:15:50 AM

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Nolan Chatron, Rami Abi Khalil, Etienne Benoit, Virginie Lattard. Structural Investigation of the Vitamin K Epoxide Reductase (VKORC1) Binding Site with Vitamin K. Biochemistry, American Chemical Society, 2020, 59 (13), pp.1351-1360. ⟨10.1021/acs.biochem.9b01084⟩. ⟨hal-03151932⟩

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