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The risk of bark and ambrosia beetles associated with imported non-coniferous wood and potential horizontal phytosanitary measures

Abstract : Many bark and ambrosia beetle species (Coleoptera: Scolytinae and Platypodinae) are known to have spread worldwide in relation to international trade. Concerns have been expressed within the European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (EPPO) about recent introductions of non-indigenous species of these groups. Regulation of the non-coniferous wood trade into many EPPO member countries is currently not sufficient to cover such risks. In 2018-2019, an EPPO study on the risk of bark and ambrosia beetles associated with imported non-coniferous wood was carried out, and the key characteristics contributing to the pest risk from introduced species were determined using expert consensus. This paper summarizes the key findings of the study, which are available in full detail on the EPPO website. The study identified biological and other risk factors and illustrated them with examples from 26 beetle species or groups of species known to be invasive or posing a threat to plant health. These representative species were classified into three categories based on known damage and level of uncertainty. In the present article, factorial discriminant analyses were used to identify features of bark and ambrosia beetle biology associated with damage caused and invasiveness. Based on the information assembled and consideration of the risk factors, it was recommended that in order to prevent the introduction of new bark and ambrosia beetles via non-coniferous wood commodities, horizontal phytosanitary measures should be adopted, irrespective of the host plant species and the origin (i.e., for all genera of non-coniferous woody plants and from all origins). Phytosanitary measures are presented here for various wood commodities.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, March 10, 2021 - 4:35:14 PM
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Fabienne Grousset, Jean-Claude Grégoire, Hervé Jactel, Andrea Battisti, Anita Benko Beloglavec, et al.. The risk of bark and ambrosia beetles associated with imported non-coniferous wood and potential horizontal phytosanitary measures. Forests, MDPI, 2020, 11 (3), pp.1-17. ⟨10.3390/f11030342⟩. ⟨hal-03165491⟩

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