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Advantages and limits to copper phytoextraction in vineyards

Abstract : Copper (Cu) contamination of soils may alter the functioning and sustainability of vineyard ecosystems. Cultivating Cu-extracting plants in vineyard inter-rows, or phytoextraction, is one possible way currently under consideration in agroecology to reduce Cu contamination of vineyard topsoils. This option is rarely used, mainly because Cu phytoextraction yields are too low to significantly reduce contamination due to the relatively "low" phytoavailability of Cu in the soil (compared to other trace metals) and its preferential accumulation in the roots of most extracting plants. This article describes the main practices and associated constraints that could theoretically be used to maximize Cu phytoextraction at field scale, including the use of Cu-accumulating plants grown (i) with acidifying plants (e.g., leguminous plants), and/or (ii) in the presence of acidifying fertilizers (ammonium, elemental sulfur), or (iii) with soluble "biochelators" added to the soil such as natural humic substances or metabolites produced by rhizospheric bacteria such as siderophores, in the inter-rows. This discussion article also provides an overview of the possible ways to exploit Cu-enriched biomass, notably through ecocatalysis or biofortification of animal feed.
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Submitted on : Monday, March 29, 2021 - 10:02:23 AM
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Jean-Yves Cornu, Christophe Waterlot, Thierry Lebeau. Advantages and limits to copper phytoextraction in vineyards. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, Springer Verlag, 2021, pp.1-10. ⟨10.1007/s11356-021-13450-3⟩. ⟨hal-03183954⟩



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