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Recommandations de l’AFU et de la SALF concernant l’ évaluation de l’homme infertile

Abstract : Background. — The aim of these Association Franc ̧aise d’Urologie (AFU) and Sociétéd’Andrologie de Langue Franc ̧aise (SALF) common recommendations are to provide practiceguidelines for the French Urological and Andrological community regarding the evaluation ofinfertile men. Material and methods. — Literature search in PubMed using the keywords ‘‘male infertility’’, ‘‘diagnosis’’, ‘‘management’’ and ‘‘evaluation’’ limited to clinical articles in English and French prior to 01/01/2020. To inform the level of evidence, the HAS grading system (2013) was applied.Results. — Concerning the evaluation of infertile men, the AFU and the SALF recommend : (1)a systematic interview exploring the family history, the fertility history of the man outside thecouple, the patient’s personal history that may have an impact on his fertility, lifestyle habits,treatments, symptoms and possible sexual difficulties of the couple; (2) a general physical examination to assess signs of hypogonadism and secondary sexual characters; (3) a scrotal physical examination performed by an urologist or andrologist to assess (i) the testes for volume and consistency, (ii) vas deferens and epididymes for total or partial absence or nodules, and(iii) presence of varicoceles; (4) Performing two semen analyses, according to World HealthOrganization guidelines, if the first one has at least one abnormaly; (5) a scrotal ultrasoundas part of routine investigation, that can be completed with an endorectal pelvic ultrasound according to the clinic; (6) an endocrine evaluation with at least a Testosterone and FSH serum determination; (7) Karyotype analysis in infertile men with a sperm concentration ≤ 10 106/mL;(8) assessment of Yq microdeletions in infertile men with a sperm concentration ≤ 1 106/mL;(9) Cystic fibrosis trans membrane conductance regulator gene evaluation in case of suspicion for bilateral or unilateral congenital agenesis of vas deferens and seminal vesicles.
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Submitted on : Monday, March 29, 2021 - 10:55:24 AM
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Eric Huyghe, Florence Boitrelle, Charlotte Methorst, Roger Mieusset, Pierre Ray, et al.. Recommandations de l’AFU et de la SALF concernant l’ évaluation de l’homme infertile. Progrès en Urologie, Elsevier Masson, 2021, 31 (3), pp.131-144. ⟨10.1016/j.purol.2020.09.011⟩. ⟨hal-03184036⟩

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