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How Input Parameters and Calculation Rules Influence On-Farm Antimicrobial Use Indicators in Animals

Abstract : A variety of indicators of antimicrobial use are available in veterinary medicine, their choice should depend on the study objective as none has been recognized as the most appropriate metric. Calculation of indicators of antimicrobial use is based on a number of parameters (e.g., treatment dose or weight at treatment) that can be informed using theoretical (also called "standard") or actual (also called "used") values. Although few studies compare the application of several indicators to the same antimicrobial data, the obtained results lead to apparent discrepancies or contradictions. This study aimed to investigate antimicrobial use at the weaning stage in French pig farms and, more specifically, the impact the sources of information regarding doses, body weight at treatment and treatment length, had on the indicators results. A cross-sectional survey was conducted, and data collected from 70 farms made it possible to calculate four indicators at the weaning stage using different input values. The indicator values did not show significant differences when calculated based on the theoretical dose and length of treatment (as recommended by the summary of product characteristics) or when calculated based on the dose used and treatment length as applied by the farmer. However, all of the indicators showed significant differences when calculated using the standard theoretical weight (15 kg) or actual weight (P < 0.05). It appears that if data collection plans cannot be harmonized, clarification of indicator calculations in the literature is needed to allow comparisons between studies.
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Submitted on : Saturday, April 17, 2021 - 7:45:14 PM
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Agnès Waret-Szkuta, Victor Coelho, Lucie Collineau, Anne Hémonic, Claire Buy, et al.. How Input Parameters and Calculation Rules Influence On-Farm Antimicrobial Use Indicators in Animals. Frontiers in Veterinary Science, Frontiers Media, 2019, 6, pp.438. ⟨10.3389/fvets.2019.00438⟩. ⟨hal-03199911⟩



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