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Urinalysis and determination of the urine protein‐to‐creatinine ratio reference interval in healthy cows

Abstract : Background: There are no reference intervals for urinalysis in cattle. Hypothesis/Objectives: Characterize the urine of healthy cows, establish urine protein-to-creatinine ratio (UPC) reference intervals, and test possible differences among dairy and beef cattle, age groups, or stage of lactation. Animals: Seventy-seven dairy and 74 beef 2.5 to 17 year-old cows of different breeds housed mainly in free stall. Methods: In this prospective study, urine specimens were collected by catheterization. Complete urinalysis was performed within 1 hour including specific gravity, dipstick evaluation, visual urine pH evaluation with 0.3 pH unit graded strips, and microscopic evaluation of the sediment. Urinary protein and creatinine concentrations and protein electrophoresis were determined on frozen aliquots. Results: Overall reference intervals were 1.020 to 1.045 for USG, 7.0 to 8.7 for pH, and 0.04 to 0.25 for UPC; because of differences in creatinine concentration, UPC was lower in beef (0.04-0.14) than in dairy (0.05-0.25) cows and in the latter in dry than lactating cows. With dipstick evaluation, most analytes were absent except for blood, ketone, and protein in 24.7, 16.0, and 64.7% of cases, respectively. Microscopic evaluation revealed less than 3 red blood cells, leukocytes, and epithelial cells in 84, 99.3, and 100% cows, respectively. No band was observed at electrophoresis, except in 1 case at MW similar to 66 000. Conclusions and Clinical Importance: Creatininuria is higher in beef than dairy cows and proteinuria is likely more efficiently characterized by protein concentration than by UPC. Conclusions and Clinical Importance: Creatininuria is higher in beef than dairy cows and proteinuria is likely more efficiently characterized by protein concentration than by UPC.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03205974
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Submitted on : Thursday, April 22, 2021 - 5:38:13 PM
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Nicolas Herman, Nathalie Bourgès‐abella, Jean‐pierre Braun, Camille Ancel, François Schelcher, et al.. Urinalysis and determination of the urine protein‐to‐creatinine ratio reference interval in healthy cows. Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine, Wiley, 2018, 33 (2), pp.999-1008. ⟨10.1111/jvim.15452⟩. ⟨hal-03205974⟩

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