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Genetic variation in root architectural traits in Lactuca and their roles in increasing phosphorus-use-efficiency in response to low phosphorus availability

Abstract : Low phosphorus (P) bioavailability in the soil and concerns over global P reserves have emphasized the need to cultivate plants that acquire and use P efficiently. Root architecture adaptation to low P can be variable depending on species or even genotypes. To assess the genetic variability of root architectural traits and their responses to low P in the Lactuca genus, we examined fourteen genotypes including wild species, ancient and commercial lettuce cultivars at low (LP, 0.1 mmol. L –1 ) and high P (HP, 1 mmol. L –1 ). Plants were grown in cylindrical pots adapted for the excavation and observation of root systems, with an inert substrate. We identified substantial genetic variation in all the investigated root traits, as well as an effect of P availability on these traits, except on the diameter of thinner roots. At low P, the main responses were a decrease in taproot diameter, an increase in taproot dominance over its laterals and an increase in the inter-branch distance. Although the genotype x P treatment effect was limited to root depth, we identified a tradeoff between the capacity to maintain a thick taproot at low P and the dominance of the taproot over its laterals. Regardless of the P level, the phosphorus-use-efficiency (PUE) varied among lettuce genotypes and was significantly correlated with total root biomass regardless of the P level. As taproot depth and maximum apical diameter were the principal determinants of total root biomass, the relative increase in PUE at low P was observed in genotypes that showed the thickest apical diameters and/or those whose maximal apical diameter was not severely decreased at low P availability. This pre-eminence of the taproot in the adaptation of Lactuca genotypes to low P contrasts with other species which rely more on lateral roots to adapt to P stress.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03214931
Contributor : Alain Mollier Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Monday, May 3, 2021 - 9:17:50 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, September 29, 2021 - 8:54:04 AM

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Amira Beroueg, François Lecompte, Alain Mollier, Loïc Pagès. Genetic variation in root architectural traits in Lactuca and their roles in increasing phosphorus-use-efficiency in response to low phosphorus availability. Frontiers in Plant Science, Frontiers, 2021, 12, pp.1-13. ⟨10.3389/fpls.2021.658321⟩. ⟨hal-03214931⟩

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