Contrasting the Pathogen Loads in Co-Existing Populations of Phytophthora pluvialis and Nothophaeocryptopus gaeumannii in Douglas Fir Plantations in New Zealand and the Pacific Northwest United States - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Phytopathology Year : 2019

Contrasting the Pathogen Loads in Co-Existing Populations of Phytophthora pluvialis and Nothophaeocryptopus gaeumannii in Douglas Fir Plantations in New Zealand and the Pacific Northwest United States

Abstract

The emergence of Phytophthora pluvialis as a foliar pathogen of Douglas fir in New Zealand and the Pacific Northwest United States has raised questions about its interaction with the widespread Swiss needle cast (SNC) disease. During Spring 2017, we repeatedly sampled 30 trees along an environmental gradient in each region and 292 additional trees in a longitudinal transect to assess the P. pluvialis epidemic and the association between P. pluvialis and Nothophaeocryptopus gaeumannii, which are causal agents of SNC. Both pathogens were consistently more abundant in the host’s exotic environment in New Zealand. In both areas, the two pathogens co-exist in different spatial scales for regions and needles. The relative abundance of both pathogens was negatively correlated in the Pacific Northwest, where both presumably have co-existed for longer. Our findings confirmed the interaction of P. pluvialis and N. gaeumannii as foliar pathogens of Douglas fir and suggest a within-site spatial variation in the Pacific Northwest.

Dates and versions

hal-03220673 , version 1 (07-05-2021)

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Mireia Gómez-Gallego, Jared Leboldus, Martin Karl-Friedrich Bader, Everett Hansen, Lloyd Donaldson, et al.. Contrasting the Pathogen Loads in Co-Existing Populations of Phytophthora pluvialis and Nothophaeocryptopus gaeumannii in Douglas Fir Plantations in New Zealand and the Pacific Northwest United States. Phytopathology, 2019, 109 (11), pp.1908-1921. ⟨10.1094/PHYTO-12-18-0479-R⟩. ⟨hal-03220673⟩

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