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Volkamer Lemon Tetraploid Rootstock Transmits the Salt Tolerance When Grafted with Diploid Kinnow Mandarin by Strong Antioxidant Defense Mechanism and Efficient Osmotic Adjustment

Abstract : Salinity restricts plant growth and production by specific ions toxicity to particular plants. Cl ion is exceptionally toxic to citrus. Citrus rootstock and scion has a significant effect on each other under unfavourable conditions. Nevertheless, their specific response can be different depending on the way to translocate and compartment the toxic ions, or to induce antioxidant systems. In this paper, we studied the behaviour of diploid (2x) and tetraploid (4x) Volkamer lemon rootstocks grafted with commercial cultivar Kinnow mandarin (KM/VM2x and KM/VM4x, respectively) when exposed to moderate (75 mM) and high salt stress (150 mM). Both genotypes showed a decrease in their photosynthetic variables (Pn, gs, E, Fv/Fm, Fv '/Fm ', NPQ), and the decline was more significant in KM/VM2x plants as compared to KM/VM4x. The highest increase in the concentration of stress indicators (MDA and H2O2) was observed in leaves and roots of KM/VM2x at 75 and 150 mM of salt stress. The KM/VM4x showed the maximum increase in antioxidative enzymes (SOD, CAT, POD, APx, GR) and osmolytes (PRO, GB) in leaves and roots at 75 and 150 mM. Minerals (Cl ion, Na, K, P, N, Ca) accumulation was also significantly affected in leaves and roots of KM/VM2x and KM/VM4x under moderate and high NaCl stress. Overall, our results showed that Cl ion accumulation presents a robust correlation with stress indicators and their scavenging enzymes in leaves and roots. Moreover, 2x scion significantly mitigated by the 4x rootstock and showed more tolerance as compared to grafted on 2x rootstock.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03261088
Contributor : Suzette Astruc <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, June 15, 2021 - 1:55:23 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, July 8, 2021 - 4:37:24 PM

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Muhammad Fasih Khalid, Raphael Morillon, Muhammad Akbar Anjum, Shaghef Ejaz, Muhammad Junaid Rao, et al.. Volkamer Lemon Tetraploid Rootstock Transmits the Salt Tolerance When Grafted with Diploid Kinnow Mandarin by Strong Antioxidant Defense Mechanism and Efficient Osmotic Adjustment. Journal of Plant Growth Regulation, Springer Verlag, 2021, ⟨10.1007/s00344-021-10367-6⟩. ⟨hal-03261088⟩

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