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Temporal recovery of soil biological activity and diversity after 915-MHz microwave treatments

Abstract : Two 915-MHz microwave treatments (2 kW-8 min and 4 kW-4 min) were applied to soil and their effects were monitored just after treatments (T0) and 26 days (T26) in soil microcosms. Densities of culturable bacteria, fluorescent pseudomonads and nematodes, hydrolysis activity and soil DNA content declined by over 50% immediately after both microwave treatments (T0), excluding the total fungal 18S rRNA (-13 or -17%) and bacterial 16S rRNA copies (non-significant). A rapid shift in bacterial community composition occurred from T0 towards a large increase in the relative abundance of Firmicutes (+1650%) and a concomitant decrease in various phyla (e.g. Acidobacteria, Actinobacteria, Bacteroidetes, Proteobacteria) from -85 to -61%. At T26 and for both treatments, fluorescein diacetate hydrolysis, density of culturable bacteria, 18S rRNA gene numbers, Simpson diversity, relative abundances of Bacteroidetes and Proteobacteria regained levels similar to controls. Alpha, Delta and Gamma classes Proteobacteria also end up reaching a similar level. In contrast, fluorescent pseudomonad density, nematode diversity and abundance, soil DNA content and relative abundances of some phylum (Acidobacteria, Actinobacteria, Chloroflexi) did not increase in such proportions. Most of the soil biological properties have not been permanently impacted. Nevertheless, the recovery kinetics highly differed according properties, with resilience indices at T26 varying from -87 to +99%.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, June 30, 2021 - 9:16:37 AM
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Géraldine Maynaud, Ezékiel Baudoin, Frédéric Mahé, Cécile Villenave, Jean-Claude Cleyet-Marel, et al.. Temporal recovery of soil biological activity and diversity after 915-MHz microwave treatments. Biology and Fertility of Soils, Springer Verlag, 2021, 57 (5), pp.603-616. ⟨10.1007/s00374-021-01553-5⟩. ⟨hal-03274384⟩



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