Lymph Node Dissection in Thymoma: Is it worth it? - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles Lung Cancer Year : 2021

Lymph Node Dissection in Thymoma: Is it worth it?


Objectives: Lymph node dissection (LND) and nodal metastases in thymomas remain controversial and understudied. The aim of our study was to evaluate the incidence of nodal metastasis and the short term outcomes of systematic LND in thymomas. Material and methods: From December 2017 to September 2020, we performed 54 LND conducted according to the International Thymic Malignancy Interest Group (ITMIG) lymph node map. This group was compared to a historical control group of 55 patients who underwent surgery in our center from January 2015 to November 2017. Results: LND was performed in 72 % and in 5 % of the cases in the study cohort group and historical control group, respectively. The number of lymph nodes retrieved was significantly higher in the study cohort group (3.89 per patient vs. 1.62, p = 0.0021). In the whole population studied, nodal metastases were found in 3 patients (2.8 % of all patients) with 5.6 % in the cohort study group vs. 0 % in the control group (p = 0.12). Patients with nodal metastasis had larger tumors (> 7 cm), and a higher histology grade (B2 and B3). There was a trend towards higher risk of laryngeal nerve palsy in the cohort study group (9.3 % vs. 1.8 %, p = 0.11). Conclusion: Systematic LND increases the number of lymph node harvested and detects more lymph node metastases, which remains infrequent in thymomas. The impact of LND and the true prognostic significance of lymph node metastases remains controversial. Given the potential complications, LND or sampling should not be perfomed in small, encapsulated and low grade thymomas.
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hal-03299085 , version 1 (13-06-2023)


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Hugo Clermidy, Jean-Michel Maury, Stéphane Collaud, Gabrielle Drevet, Marylise Ginoux, et al.. Lymph Node Dissection in Thymoma: Is it worth it?. Lung Cancer, 2021, 157, pp.156-162. ⟨10.1016/j.lungcan.2021.05.022⟩. ⟨hal-03299085⟩
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