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Stem bending generates electrical response in poplar

Abstract : Under natural conditions, plants experience external mechanical stresses such as wind and touch that impact their growth. A remarkable feature of this mechanically induced growth response is that it may occur at a distance from the stimulation site, suggesting the existence of a signal propagating through the plant. In this study, we investigated the electrical response of poplar trees to a transient controlled bending stimulation of the stem that mimics the mechanical effect of wind. Stem bending was found to cause an electrical response that we called "gradual" potential, similar in shape to an action potential. However, this signal can be distinguished from the well-known plant action potential by its propagation up to 20 cm along the stem and its strong dumping in velocity and amplitude. Two hypotheses regarding the mode of propagation of the "gradual" potential are discussed.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, August 18, 2021 - 3:50:46 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, May 11, 2022 - 2:08:05 PM

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Erwan Tinturier, Éric Badel, Nathalie Leblanc‐fournier, Jean‐louis Julien. Stem bending generates electrical response in poplar. Physiologia Plantarum, Wiley, 2021, 173 (3), pp.954-960. ⟨10.1111/ppl.13494⟩. ⟨hal-03321955⟩



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