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Holocene development and coastal dynamics at the Keta Sand Spit, Volta River delta, Ghana

Abstract : Field process measurements and OSL/AMS-dating methods were employed in combination to examine the Holocene evolution of the Keta Sand Spit, east of the Volta River delta in Ghana, as well as the hydrodynamic processes driving present spit dynamics. Large-scale changes in shoreline configuration, with far-field implications for sediment supply to downdrift coasts along the Bight of Benin, have been rooted in river mouth switches, which are dated at approximately 5–7000 yr BP and 2500 yr BP. The most recent barrier stage is the present Keta Sand Spit, which originated about 2500 yr BP. The spit migrates slowly in an easterly direction due to gradients in longshore sediment transport induced by morphodynamic interactions between wave-induced currents and shoreline orientation. These autochthonous longshore transport gradients are the major reason for the large coastal erosion rates in the lee of the Sand Spit, rather than a decreased sediment supply caused by damming of the Volta River.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03322943
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Submitted on : Friday, August 20, 2021 - 9:07:34 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, September 7, 2021 - 3:44:19 PM

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Troels Aagaard, Edward Anthony, Beth Gillies, Simon Laursen, Frederik Sukstorf, et al.. Holocene development and coastal dynamics at the Keta Sand Spit, Volta River delta, Ghana. Geomorphology, Elsevier, 2021, 387, pp.1-11. ⟨10.1016/j.geomorph.2021.107766⟩. ⟨hal-03322943⟩

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