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Arabidopsis cell wall composition determines disease resistance specificity and fitness

Abstract : Plant cell walls are complex structures subject to dynamic remodeling in response to developmental and environmental cues and play essential functions in disease resistance responses. We tested the specific contribution of plant cell walls to immunity by determining the susceptibility of a set of Arabidopsis cell wall mutants ( cwm ) to pathogens with different parasitic styles: a vascular bacterium, a necrotrophic fungus, and a biotrophic oomycete. Remarkably, most cwm mutants tested (29/34; 85.3%) showed alterations in their resistance responses to at least one of these pathogens in comparison to wild-type plants, illustrating the relevance of wall composition in determining disease-resistance phenotypes. We found that the enhanced resistance of cwm plants to the necrotrophic and vascular pathogens negatively impacted cwm fitness traits, such as biomass and seed yield. Enhanced resistance of cwm plants is not only mediated by canonical immune pathways, like those modulated by phytohormones or microbe-associated molecular patterns, which are not deregulated in the cwm tested. Pectin-enriched wall fractions isolated from cwm plants triggered immune responses in wild-type plants, suggesting that wall-mediated defensive pathways might contribute to cwm resistance. Cell walls of cwm plants show a high diversity of composition alterations as revealed by glycome profiling that detect specific wall carbohydrate moieties. Mathematical analysis of glycome profiling data identified correlations between the amounts of specific wall carbohydrate moieties and disease resistance phenotypes of cwm plants. These data support the relevant and specific function of plant wall composition in plant immune response modulation and in balancing disease resistance/development trade-offs.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03326624
Contributor : Nathalie Seguin <>
Submitted on : Thursday, August 26, 2021 - 11:45:46 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, September 23, 2021 - 3:16:07 PM

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Antonio Molina, Eva Miedes, Laura Bacete, Tinguaro Rodríguez, Hugo Mélida, et al.. Arabidopsis cell wall composition determines disease resistance specificity and fitness. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America , National Academy of Sciences, 2021, 118 (5), 12 p. ⟨10.1073/pnas.2010243118⟩. ⟨hal-03326624⟩

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