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Microstructure and local mechanical properties of pea starch / protein composites

Abstract : Biopolymer composites based on pea starch-protein blends and pea flour are processed using extrusion at various levels of specific mechanical energy (SME). Their morphology was a continuous matrix phase of starch with embedded protein particles, as revealed by Confocal Laser Scanning Microscopy (CLSM). The motivation is to correlate the local Young’s modulus (E) in starch and protein phases, as well as their interphase, through nanoindentation tests to macroscopic three-point bending testing results of starch-protein composites. The dif- ferences between E of starch and protein phases and interphase were significant and their values were found to vary in the ranges of 4.2–7, 3–6.9 and 4–6.9 GPa, respectively. The local E can be tuned by the protein content and composite morphology, the latter depending on the level of transformation of the biopolymers during extrusion (SME). Pea flour composites have larger modulus values, which can be attributed to the presence of fibres.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, June 21, 2022 - 10:07:46 AM
Last modification on : Monday, August 29, 2022 - 11:56:58 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Thursday, September 22, 2022 - 6:56:35 PM


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Imen Jebalia, Magdalena Kristiawan, Maria Charalambides, Samuel A. Humphry-Baker, Guy Della Valle, et al.. Microstructure and local mechanical properties of pea starch / protein composites. Composites Part C: Open Access, Elsevier, 2022, pp.100272. ⟨10.1016/j.jcomc.2022.100272⟩. ⟨hal-03330826⟩



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