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DNA Aptamers Derived from HIV-1 RNase H Inhibitors are Strong Anti-integrase Agents

Abstract : HIV-1 integrase, the retroviral-encoded enzyme involved in the integration of the retrotranscribed viral genome into the host nuclear DNA, is an attractive and still unexploited target. To date, very few inhibitors of this enzyme with a potential therapeutic value have been described. During the search for new HIV-1 targets, we recently described DNA oligodeoxynucleotide aptamers (ODN 93 and ODN 112) that are strong inhibitors of the RNase H activity associated with HIV-1 reverse transcriptase. The striking structural homology between RNase H and integrase led us to study the effect of the RNase H inhibitors on the integrase. Shorter DNA aptamers derived from ODNs 93 and 112 (ODNs 93del and 112del) were able to inhibit HIV-1 integrase in the nanomolar range. They had G-rich sequences able to form G-quartets stabilized by the presence of K(+). The presence of these ions increased the inhibitory efficiency of these agents dramatically. Inhibition of enzymatic activities by ODN 93del and ODN 112del was observed in a cell-free assay system using a recombinant integrase and HIV-1 replication was abolished in infected human cells. Moreover, cell fusion assays showed that these agents do not block viral cell entry at concentrations where viral replication is stopped.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03331583
Contributor : Pierre-Yves Lozach <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, September 1, 2021 - 9:30:40 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, September 15, 2021 - 3:39:31 PM

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V.R de Soultrait, Pierre-Yves Lozach, Ralf Altmeyer, L Tarrago-Litvak, S Litvak, et al.. DNA Aptamers Derived from HIV-1 RNase H Inhibitors are Strong Anti-integrase Agents. Journal of Molecular Biology, Elsevier, 2002, 324 (2), pp.195-203. ⟨10.1016/s0022-2836(02)01064-1⟩. ⟨hal-03331583⟩

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