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Comprehensive Analysis of Transcript and Protein Relative Abundance During Blood Stages of Plasmodium falciparum Infection

Abstract : Plasmodium falciparum is the main causative agent of human malaria. During the intraerythrocytic development cycle, the P. falciparum morphology changes dramatically from circulating young rings to sequestered mature trophozoites and schizonts. Sequestered forms contribute to the pathophysiology of severe malaria as the infected erythrocytes obstruct the microvascular flow in deep organs and induce local inflammation. However, the sequestration mechanism limits the access to the corresponding parasitic form in the clinical samples from patients infected with P. falciparum. To complement this deficiency, we aimed to evaluate the relevance of mRNA study as a proxy of protein expression in sequestered parasites. To do so, we conducted a proteotranscriptomic analysis using five independent P. falciparum laboratory strain samples. RNA sequencing was performed, and the mRNA expression level was assessed on circulating ring-stage parasites. The level of protein expression were measured by LC-MS/MS on the corresponding sequestered mature forms after 18-24 h of maturation. Overall, our results showed a strong transcriptome/transcriptome and a very strong proteome/proteome correlation between samples. Moreover, positive correlations of mRNA and protein expression levels were found between ring-stage transcriptomes and mature form proteomes. However, twice more transcripts were identified at the ring stage than proteins at the mature trophozoite stage. A high level of transcript expression did not guarantee the detection of the corresponding protein. Finally, we pointed out discrepancies at the individual gene level. Taken together, our results show that transcript and protein expressions are overall correlated. However, mRNA abundance is not a perfect proxy of protein expression at the individual level. Importantly, our study shows limitations of the "blind" use of RNA-seq and the importance of multiomics approaches for P. falciparum blood stage study in clinical samples.
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Contributor : Camille Serva <>
Submitted on : Friday, September 3, 2021 - 4:00:59 PM
Last modification on : Sunday, September 5, 2021 - 3:23:13 AM



Claire Kamaliddin, Emilie Guillochon, Virginie Salnot, David Rombaut, Stéphanie Huguet, et al.. Comprehensive Analysis of Transcript and Protein Relative Abundance During Blood Stages of Plasmodium falciparum Infection. Journal of Proteome Research, American Chemical Society, 2021, 20 (2), pp.1206-1216. ⟨10.1021/acs.jproteome.0c00496⟩. ⟨hal-03334297⟩



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