Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Book sections

Innate defenses of the avian egg.

Abstract : The remarkable reproductive success of avian species relies upon the integrated defensive features of the eggshell, acellular membranes, physicochemical characteristics and antimicrobial molecules. These egg structures are dramatically modified during embryonic development: solubilization of internal eggshell components, disintegration of acellular membranes that serve as substratum for the growth of extraembryonic structures, and assimilation/transfer of egg white and yolk antimicrobials to other compartments. The apparent degradation in basic egg defenses is counter balanced by the establishment of other protective and functional structures (namely the amniotic, the allantoic and the yolk sacs) that support several vital functions until hatching. Their cellular complexity, as well as the functional and molecular specificity of these structures, add an additional defensive layer. This chapter reviews the different levels of these interconnected egg defenses that assist the embryo throughout its development, beginning with the egg defenses from maternal origin, to the development of extra-embryonic protective structures.
Document type :
Book sections
Complete list of metadata
Contributor : Sophie Rehault-Godbert Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Tuesday, September 7, 2021 - 9:20:25 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, September 7, 2021 - 9:20:26 AM


  • HAL Id : hal-03336191, version 1



Sophie Réhault-Godbert, Maxwell.T. Hincke, Rodrigo Guabiraba, Nicolas Guyot, Joël Gautron. Innate defenses of the avian egg.. Bernd Kaspers Karel Schat Thomas Göbel Lonneke Vervelde. Avian Immunology. 3rd Edition, Academic Press, 2021, 9780128187081. ⟨hal-03336191⟩



Record views