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Effects of metals and persistent organic pollutants on the fitness and health of juveniles of the endangered European sturgeon Acipenser sturio exposed to water and sediments of the Garonne and Dordogne rivers

Abstract : The last remaining population of European sturgeon (Acipenser sturio) lives in the Gironde-Garonne-Dordogne (France) catchment (GGD). Captive young individuals are released into the GGD hydrosystem each year, as part of a restocking programme. This study aims to assess the health status of juveniles A. sturio to current conditions in the GGD hydrosystem, to evaluate their capacity to survive and grow in a moderately anthropized ecosystems. 3-month-old farmed sturgeons were exposed for one month in experimental conditions that mimic the environmental conditions in the Garonne and Dordogne rivers, followed by five months of depuration. After one month of exposure, fish exposed to Dordogne and Garonne waters bioaccumulated higher levels of metals and persistent organic pollutants, displayed a reduced hepato-somatic index, and had depleted levels of lipids and glycogen content in their liver, when compared with the Reference group. However, metabolic and swimming performance, as well as the costs of swimming were not impaired. After the 5 months depuration, a significant decrease of K was observed for all exposure conditions. HSI also decreased with time. The overall health status and adaptive capacity of juvenile A. sturio appeared to be maintained over the experimental 6 months' period. Juveniles of A. sturio seem to have the adaptive capacity to survive and grow in the GGD hydrosystem, after being released as part of a restocking programme.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03373747
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Submitted on : Tuesday, October 12, 2021 - 5:02:12 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, May 12, 2022 - 3:40:06 PM
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J. Lucas, C. Lefrancois, Charline Gesset, H. Budzinski, P. Labadie, et al.. Effects of metals and persistent organic pollutants on the fitness and health of juveniles of the endangered European sturgeon Acipenser sturio exposed to water and sediments of the Garonne and Dordogne rivers. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, Elsevier, 2021, 225, pp.112720. ⟨10.1016/j.ecoenv.2021.112720⟩. ⟨hal-03373747⟩

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