Interactions between environment and genetic diversity in perennial grass phenology: A review of processes at plant scale and modeling - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles (Review Article) Frontiers in Plant Science Year : 2021

Interactions between environment and genetic diversity in perennial grass phenology: A review of processes at plant scale and modeling

Abstract

In perennial grasses, the reproductive development consists of major phenological stages which highly determine the seasonal variations of grassland biomass production in terms of quantity and quality. The reproductive development is regulated by climatic conditions through complex interactions subjected to high genetic diversity. Understanding these interactions and their impact on plant development and growth is essential to optimize grassland management and identify the potential consequences of climate change. Here, we review the main stages of reproductive development, from floral induction to heading, i.e., spike emergence, considering the effect of the environmental conditions and the genetic diversity observed in perennial grasses. We first describe the determinants and consequences of reproductive development at individual tiller scale before examining the interactions between plant tillers and their impact on grassland perenniality. Then, we review the available grassland models through their ability to account for the complexity of reproductive development and genetic × environmental interactions. This review shows that (1) The reproductive development of perennial grasses is characterized by a large intraspecific diversity which has the same order of magnitude as the diversity observed between species or environmental conditions. (2) The reproductive development is determined by complex interactions between the processes of floral induction and morphogenesis of the tiller. (3) The perenniality of a plant is dependent on the reproductive behavior of each tiller. (4) Published models only partly explain the complex interactions between morphogenesis and climate on reproductive development. (5) Introducing more explicitly the underlying processes involved in reproductive development in models would improve our ability to anticipate grassland behavior in future growth conditions.

Dates and versions

hal-03436059 , version 1 (19-11-2021)

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Simon Rouet, Romain Barillot, Denis Leclercq, Marie-Hélène Bernicot, Didier Combes, et al.. Interactions between environment and genetic diversity in perennial grass phenology: A review of processes at plant scale and modeling. Frontiers in Plant Science, 2021, 12, pp.1-16. ⟨10.3389/fpls.2021.672156⟩. ⟨hal-03436059⟩
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