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An Innovative Solid-State Micro-Anaerobic Digestion Process to Valorize Food Waste: Technical Development Constraints and Consequences on Biological Performances

Abstract : To face the increase of waste production and meet the energy demand of urban areas, municipal waste management systems should be rethought. Innovative solutions such as decentralised small-scale anaerobic digestion could be developed. This work presents the design, operation and performances of a new micro-scale anaerobic digester (AD) developed to degrade food waste (FW) in urban areas i.e. highly compact and with low water and energy demand. To meet these objectives, the new micro-scale AD is a semi-continuous and two-stage process built vertically to take advantage of the gravity to mix and move the digested matter instead of using mechanical devices. The first stage consists in a tubular reactor fed weekly with FW and periodically watered with leachate from the second stage reactor located below the tubular reactor. Results show that AD performances were highly correlated to the efficiency of hydric transfer between the tubular reactor and the leachate tank. Indeed, pH, volatile fatty acids and microbial community analysis showed that the hydrolysis occurred in the tubular reactor, while the methanogenesis step occurred in the leachate tank. Overall, the average methane production was 143 ± 87 N L/kg vs with an average methane content of 44 ± 10% and the operation mode of the process has still to be improved. Graphic Abstract
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03445747
Contributor : Sophie Le Perchec Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Wednesday, November 24, 2021 - 10:26:12 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, November 25, 2021 - 3:09:04 AM

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Axelle Degueurce, P. Dabert, Victor Argence, Laurent Blondel, Anne Le Bihan, et al.. An Innovative Solid-State Micro-Anaerobic Digestion Process to Valorize Food Waste: Technical Development Constraints and Consequences on Biological Performances. Waste and Biomass Valorization, Springer, 2021, ⟨10.1007/s12649-021-01555-2⟩. ⟨hal-03445747⟩

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