Genome‐wide evolutionary response of European oaks during the Anthropocene - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles Evolution Letters Year : 2022

Genome‐wide evolutionary response of European oaks during the Anthropocene

Jun Chen
Thibault Leroy
Isabelle Lesur
  • Function : Author
Didier Bert
François Morneau
Jean‐marc Aury
Martin Lascoux
Antoine Kremer

Abstract

The pace of tree microevolution during Anthropocene warming is largely unknown. We used a retrospective approach to monitor genomic changes in oak trees since the Little Ice Age (LIA). Allelic frequency changes were assessed from whole-genome pooled sequences for four age-structured cohorts of sessile oak (Quercus petraea) dating back to 1680, in each of three different oak forests in France. The genetic covariances of allelic frequency changes increased between successive time periods, highlighting genome-wide effects of linked selection. We found imprints of parallel linked selection in the three forests during the late LIA, and a shift of selection during more recent time periods of the Anthropocene. The changes in allelic covariances within and between forests mirrored the documented changes in the occurrence of extreme events (droughts and frosts) over the last 300 years. The genomic regions with the highest covariances were enriched in genes involved in plant responses to pathogens and abiotic stresses (temperature and drought). These responses are consistent with the reported sequence of frost (or drought) and disease damage ultimately leading to the oak dieback after extreme events. They provide support for adaptive evolution of long-lived species during recent climatic changes. Although we acknowledge that other sources (e.g., gene flow, generation overlap) may have contributed to temporal covariances of allelic frequency changes, the consistent and correlated response across the three forests lends support to the existence of a systematic driving force such as natural selection.
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hal-03553889 , version 1 (03-02-2022)

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Dounia Saleh, Jun Chen, Jean-Charles Leplé, Thibault Leroy, Laura Truffaut, et al.. Genome‐wide evolutionary response of European oaks during the Anthropocene. Evolution Letters, 2022, 6 (1), pp.4-20. ⟨10.1002/evl3.269⟩. ⟨hal-03553889⟩
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