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Flexible spandrels of the global plant virome: Proteomic-wide evolutionary patterns of structural intrinsic protein disorder elucidate modulation at the functional virus–host interplay

Abstract : Intrinsically disordered proteins and regions (IDPs/IDRs) make up a large part of viral proteomes, but their real prevalence across the global plant virome is still murky, partly because of their massive diversity. Here, we propose an evolutionary quantitative proteomic approach to foray into genomic signatures that are preserved in the amino acid sequences of orthologous IDRs. Markedly, we found that relatively abundant IDP varies substantially in viral species among and within plant virus families, including according to genome size, partition or replication strategies. We also demonstrate that most encoded proteomic modules of the plant virome contain multiple disordered features that are phylogenomically preserved, and can be correlated to genomic, bio-physical and evolutionary strategies. Furthermore, our focused interactome-wide analysis highlights lines of evidence indicating that various IDPs with similar evolutionary signatures modulate viral multifunctionality. Moreover, estimated fractions of IDR in the vicinity of pivotal evolutionary structural domains embedded in interaction modules are strongly enriched with affinity binding functional annotations and relate to vector-borne virus transmission modes. Importantly, molecular recognition features (MoRFs) are abundantly widespread in IDRs of viral hallmark modules and their binding partners. Finally, we propose a coarse-grained conceptual framework in which evolutionary proteome-wide IDP/IDRs patterns can be, rather, reliably exploited to elucidate their foundational fine-tuning role in plant virus transmission mechanisms. While opening unexplored avenues for consistently predicting virus-host functions for many new or uncharacterized viruses based on their proteomic repertoire, other considerations advocating further structural IDP research in Plant Virology are thoroughly discussed in light of viral modular evolution.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03583923
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Submitted on : Tuesday, February 22, 2022 - 10:15:28 AM
Last modification on : Friday, August 5, 2022 - 10:58:14 AM

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Rachid Tahzima, Annelies Haegeman, Sébastien Massart, Eugénie Hébrard. Flexible spandrels of the global plant virome: Proteomic-wide evolutionary patterns of structural intrinsic protein disorder elucidate modulation at the functional virus–host interplay. Dancing Protein Clouds: Intrinsically Disordered Proteins in the Norm and Pathology, Part C, 183, Elsevier, pp.355-409, 2021, Progress in Molecular Biology and Translational Science, ⟨10.1016/bs.pmbts.2021.06.007⟩. ⟨hal-03583923⟩

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