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Arabidopsis Growth-Promotion and Root Architecture Responses to the Beneficial Rhizobacterium Phyllobacterium brassicacearum Strain STM196 Are Independent of the Nitrate Assimilatory Pathway

Abstract : Phyllobacterium brassicacearum STM196, a plant growth-promoting rhizobacterium isolated from roots of oilseed rape, stimulates Arabidopsis growth. We have previously shown that the NRT2.5 and NRT2.6 genes are required for this growth promotion response. Since these genes are members of the NRT2 family of nitrate transporters, the nitrogen assimilatory pathway could be involved in growth promotion by STM196. We address this hypothesis using two nitrate reductase mutants, G5 deleted in the major nitrate reductase gene NIA2 and G′4-3 altered in both NIA1 and NIA2 genes. Both mutants had a reduced growth rate and STM196 failed to increase their biomass production on a medium containing NO3− as the sole nitrogen source. However, they both displayed similar growth promotion by STM196 when grown on an NH4+ medium. STM196 was able to stimulate lateral roots development of the mutants under both nutrition conditions. Altogether, our results indicate that the nitrate assimilatory metabolism is not a primary target of STM196 interaction and is not involved in the root developmental response. The NIA1 transcript level was reduced in the shoots of nrt2.5 and nrt2.6 mutants suggesting a role for this nitrate reductase isoform independently from its role in nitrate assimilation.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03655450
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Submitted on : Friday, April 29, 2022 - 3:25:56 PM
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Maya Kechid, Guilhem Desbrosses, Lydia Gamet, Loren Castaings, Fabrice Varoquaux, et al.. Arabidopsis Growth-Promotion and Root Architecture Responses to the Beneficial Rhizobacterium Phyllobacterium brassicacearum Strain STM196 Are Independent of the Nitrate Assimilatory Pathway. Plants, MDPI, 2022, 11 (1), ⟨10.3390/plants11010128⟩. ⟨hal-03655450⟩

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