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Phylogenetic, functional and taxonomic responses of wild bee communities along urbanisation gradients

Abstract : Increasing urbanisation is one of the primary drivers of land-use change that threaten biodiversity. Wild bee communities have been reported with contrasting responses to urbanisation, with varying effects on abundance and taxonomical diversity. The suite of functional traits exhibited by wild bee species might determine their persistence in urban areas. Urbanisation thus can impose an environmental filter with potential consequences on the functional and phylogenetical diversity of wild bee communities. Here, we sampled 2944 wild bee specimens from 156 species in 29 sites located along an urbanisation gradient using a replicated design in three mid-sized cities in the Loire valley (France). We show that urban landscape cover has a negative effect on overall species richness and taxonomical diversity indices, while total abundance remains constant. Species loss was taxon dependent, mainly driven by Andrenidae and Halictidae. Only a few species, especially of the genus Lasioglossum, were positively affected by the urban landscape cover. Urban and peri-urban areas differed in their composition of bee assemblages. Species turnover was the main component of beta diversity, driving community dissimilarities through the urban gradient. Urbanisation favours bees with small body sizes, social structure and extended flight periods but did not affect the phylogenetic or the functional diversity of communities. Our findings have implications for understanding the factors involved in the environmental filter exerted through the urban gradient on bee communities helping to implement conservation measures and managing urban spaces for bees.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03656069
Contributor : Carlos Lopez-Vaamonde Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Saturday, April 30, 2022 - 10:49:21 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, August 17, 2022 - 3:45:22 AM

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Irene Villalta, Christophe Bouget, Carlos Lopez-Vaamonde, Mathilde Baude. Phylogenetic, functional and taxonomic responses of wild bee communities along urbanisation gradients. Science of the Total Environment, Elsevier, 2022, 832, pp.154926. ⟨10.1016/j.scitotenv.2022.154926⟩. ⟨hal-03656069⟩

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