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Metabolomics insight into the influence of environmental factors in responses of freshwater biofilms to the model herbicide diuron

Abstract : Freshwater biofilms have been increasingly used during the last decade in ecotoxicology due to their ecological relevance to assess the effect(s) of environmental stress at the community level. Despite growing knowledge about the effect of various stressors on the structure and the function of these microbial communities, a strong research effort is still required to better understand their response to chemical stress and the influence of environmental stressors in this response. To tackle this challenge, untargeted metabolomics is an approach of choice because of its capacity to give an integrative picture of the exposure to multiple stress and associated effect as well as identifying the molecular pathways involved in these responses. In this context, the present study aimed to explore the use of an untargeted metabolomics approach to unravel at the molecular/biochemical level the response of the whole biofilm to chemical stress and the influence of various environmental factors in this response. To this end, archived high-resolution mass spectrometry data from previous experiments at our laboratory on the effect of the model photosynthesis inhibitor diuron on freshwater biofilm were investigated by using innovative solutions for OMICs data (e.g., DRomics) and more usual chemometric approaches (multivariate and univariate statistical analyses). The results showed a faster (1 min) and more sensitive response of the metabolome to diuron than usual functional descriptors, including photosynthesis. Also, the metabolomics response to diuron resulted from metabolites following various trends (increasing, decreasing, U/bell shape) along increasing concentration and time. This metabolomics response was influenced by the temperature, photoperiod, and flow. A focus on a plant-specific omega-3 (eicosapentaenoic acid) playing a key role in the trophic chain highlighted the potential relevance of metabolomics approach to establish the link between molecular alteration and ecosystem structure/functioning impairment but also how complex is the response and the influence of all the tested factors on this response at the metabolomics level. Altogether, our results underline that more fundamental researches are needed to decipher the metabolomics response of freshwater biofilm to chemical stress and its link with physiological, structural, and functional responses toward the unraveling of adverse outcome pathways (AOP) for key ecosystem functions (e.g., primary production).
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https://hal.inrae.fr/hal-03691889
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Submitted on : Thursday, June 9, 2022 - 2:25:56 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, September 29, 2022 - 1:18:24 PM

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Nicolas Creusot, Betty Chaumet, Mélissa Eon, Nicolas Mazzella, Aurélie Moreira, et al.. Metabolomics insight into the influence of environmental factors in responses of freshwater biofilms to the model herbicide diuron. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, Springer Verlag, 2022, 29 (20), pp.29332-29347. ⟨10.1007/s11356-021-17072-7⟩. ⟨hal-03691889⟩

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