Detection of Irrigated Permanent Grasslands with Sentinel-2 Based on Temporal Patterns of the Leaf Area Index (LAI) - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Remote Sensing Year : 2022

Detection of Irrigated Permanent Grasslands with Sentinel-2 Based on Temporal Patterns of the Leaf Area Index (LAI)

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Abstract

Conventional methods of crop mapping need ground truth information to train the classifier. Thanks to the frequent acquisition allowed by recent satellite missions (Sentinel 2), we can identify temporal patterns that depend on both phenology and crop management. Some of these patterns are specific to a given crop and thus can be used to map it. Thus, we can substitute ground truth information used in conventional methods with agronomic knowledge. This approach was applied to identify irrigated permanent grasslands (IPG) in the Crau area (Southern France), which play a crucial role in groundwater recharge. The grassland is managed by making three mows during the May–October period, which leads to a specific temporal pattern of leaf area index (LAI). The mowing detection algorithm was designed using the temporal LAI signal derived from Sentinel 2 observations. The algorithm includes some filtering to remove noise in the signal that might lead to false mowing detection. A pixel is considered a grassland if the number of detected mows is greater than 1. A data set covering five years (2016–2020) was used. The detection mowing number was conducted at the pixel level, and then the results were aggregated at the plot level. An evaluation data set including 780 plots was used to assess the performances of the classification. We obtained a Kappa index ranging between 0.94 and 0.99 according to the year. These results were better than other supervised classification methods that include training data sets. The analysis of land-use changes shows that misclassified plots concern grasslands managed less intensively with strong intra-parcel heterogeneity due to irrigation defects or year-round grazing. Time series analysis, therefore, allows us to understand different management practices. Real land-use change in use can be observed, but long time series are needed to confirm the change and remove ambiguities with heterogeneous grasslands.

Dates and versions

hal-03735436 , version 1 (21-07-2022)

Licence

Attribution - CC BY 4.0

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Cite

Mukhtar Abubakar, André Chanzy, Guillaume Pouget, Fabrice Flamain, Dominique Courault. Detection of Irrigated Permanent Grasslands with Sentinel-2 Based on Temporal Patterns of the Leaf Area Index (LAI). Remote Sensing, 2022, 14 (13), pp.3056. ⟨10.3390/rs14133056⟩. ⟨hal-03735436⟩
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