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Journal Articles Marine Pollution Bulletin Year : 2022

Elasmobranchs as bioindicators of pollution in the marine environment

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Abstract

Bioindicator species are increasingly valuable in environmental pollution monitoring, and elasmobranch species include many suitable candidates for that role. By measuring contaminants and employing biomarkers of effect in relevant elasmobranch species, scientists may gain important insights about the impacts of pollution in marine ecosystems. This review compiles biomarkers applied in elasmobranchs to assess the effect of pollutants (e.g., metals, persistent organic pollutants, and plastics), and the environmental changes induced by anthropogenic activities (e.g., shifts in marine temperature, pH, and oxygenation). Over 30 biomarkers measured in more than 12 species were examined, including biotransformation biomarkers (e.g., cytochrome P450 1A), oxidative stress-related biomarkers (e.g., superoxide anion, lipid peroxidation, catalase, and vitamins), stress proteins (e.g., heat shock protein 70), reproductive and endocrine biomarkers (e.g., vitellogenin), osmoregulation biomarkers (e.g., trimethylamine N-oxide, Na+/K+-ATPase, and plasma ions), energetic and neurotoxic biomarkers (e.g., lactate dehydrogenase, lactate, and cholinesterases), and histopathological and morphologic biomarkers (e.g., tissue lesions and gross indices).
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Dates and versions

hal-03738469 , version 1 (26-07-2022)

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Luís M.F. Alves, Marco F.L. Lemos, Henrique Cabral, Sara Novais. Elasmobranchs as bioindicators of pollution in the marine environment. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 2022, 176, pp.113418. ⟨10.1016/j.marpolbul.2022.113418⟩. ⟨hal-03738469⟩

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