Impacts of chemical stress, season, and climate change on the flounder population of the highly anthropised Seine estuary (France) - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Environmental Science and Pollution Research Year : 2022

Impacts of chemical stress, season, and climate change on the flounder population of the highly anthropised Seine estuary (France)

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Jérôme Couteau
  • Function : Author

Abstract

The main objective of this study was to improve our knowledge on the responses of fish populations to multistress (diffuse pollution and warming waters) in estuaries. Adult flounders were caught in two estuaries in the Eastern English Channel: the heavily polluted Seine estuary vs the moderately contaminated Canche estuary. Fish samplings were conducted in January just before the reproduction period, and in July when gonads were at rest. The overall rise in coastal winter water temperatures detected over the Channel impairs the flounder's phenology of reproduction in the two estuaries, inducing a delay of maturation process and probably also spawning. The higher liver histopathology index in Seine vs Canche could be the consequence of the fish exposition to a complex cocktail of contaminants in a strongly industrialized estuary. Higher levels of neurotoxicity, gill lipid peroxidation, and liver EROD activity were observed in Seine vs Canche. Furthermore, a possible impairment in mitochondrial metabolism was suggested in the Seine flounder population. We confirmed in this study the potential role of two membrane lipids (sphingomyelin and phosphatidylserine) in the resistance towards oxidative stress in Seine and Canche. Finally, we suggest that the Seine flounder population (and possibly the connected Eastern English Channel flounder populations over the French Coast) could be seriously impacted in the future by multistress: higher winter temperatures and chemical contamination.
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Dates and versions

hal-03838250 , version 1 (03-11-2022)

Licence

Attribution - CC BY 4.0

Identifiers

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Jennifer Laurent, Edouard Lavergne, Jérôme Couteau, Stéphane Le Floch, Baghdad Ouddane, et al.. Impacts of chemical stress, season, and climate change on the flounder population of the highly anthropised Seine estuary (France). Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 2022, 29 (39), pp.59751-59769. ⟨10.1007/s11356-022-20000-y⟩. ⟨hal-03838250⟩
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