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Journal Articles Environmental Science and Pollution Research Year : 2022

Evaluation of temperature corrections for pesticide half-lives in tropical and temperate soils

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Abstract

Temperature is a key factor that influences pesticide degradation. Extrapolating degradation half-lives (DT50) measured at a given temperature to different temperatures remains challenging, especially for tropical conditions with high temperatures. In this study, the use of the standard Arrhenius equation for correcting temperature effects on pesticide degradation in soils was evaluated and its performance was compared with that of alternative Arrhenius-based equations. To do so, a database of 509 DT50 values measured between 5 and 35 °C for 32 pesticides on tropical and temperate soils was compiled for the first time through an extensive literature search. The temperature correction models were fitted to the database using linear mixed regression approaches that included soil type and compound effects. No difference in the temperature dependence of DT50 between tropical and temperate soils was detected, regardless of the model. A comparison of the prediction performances of the models showed that constant activation energy (Ea) cannot be considered valid for the whole range of temperatures. The classical Arrhenius equation with an Ea of 65.4 kJ.mol−1, as recommended by the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA), was shown to be valid for correcting the DT50 only for temperatures ranging from 5 to 20 °C. However, for temperatures greater than 20 °C, which are common in tropical environments, the median Ea was significantly lower at 10.3 kJ.mol−1. These findings suggest the need to adapt the standard temperature correction of the European pesticide risk assessment temperature procedure when it is applied in tropical settings
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Dates and versions

hal-03838539 , version 1 (03-11-2022)

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Pauline Campan, Anatja Samouëlian, Marc Voltz. Evaluation of temperature corrections for pesticide half-lives in tropical and temperate soils. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, In press, ⟨10.1007/s11356-022-23566-9⟩. ⟨hal-03838539⟩
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