Environmental filtering and mass effect are two important processes driving lake benthic diatoms: Results of a DNA metabarcoding study in a large lake - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Molecular Ecology Year : 2022

Environmental filtering and mass effect are two important processes driving lake benthic diatoms: Results of a DNA metabarcoding study in a large lake

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Abstract

Environmental filtering is often found to dominate assembly rules in diatoms. These microalgae are diverse, especially at subspecies level, and tend to exhibit a niche phylogenetic conservatism. Therefore, other rules, such as competition or mass effects, should be detectable when environmental gradients and dispersal barriers are limited. We used metabarcoding to analyse benthic littoral diatom communities in 153 sites in a large lake (Geneva) exhibiting weak geographical barriers and weak environmental gradients outside river estuaries. We assessed assembly rules using variance partitioning, phylogenetic and source tracking analyses. No phylogenetic over-dispersion of communities, indicative of exclusive competition, was detected. Instead, we found these communities to be phylogenetically over-clustered, indicating environmental filtering, which was even stronger near river estuaries where environmental gradients are stronger. Finally, using a Bayesian method (SourceTracker), we found that rivers flowing into the lake bring communities that settle, especially in sites close to estuaries. Rivers with the highest discharges are primarily responsible for immigration, explaining 27% of lake composition. Therefore, despite favourable conditions to observe other rules, our results support that diatom communities are prominently assembled by environmental filtering and immigration processes, in particular from rivers. However, this does not exclude that other assembly rules may be at play at a finer spatial, temporal and/or phylogenetic scale.
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Dates and versions

hal-03881952 , version 1 (02-12-2022)

Licence

Attribution - CC BY 4.0

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Cite

Frédéric Rimet, Alexis Canino, Teofana Chonova, Julie Guéguen, Agnes Bouchez. Environmental filtering and mass effect are two important processes driving lake benthic diatoms: Results of a DNA metabarcoding study in a large lake. Molecular Ecology, 2022, ⟨10.1111/mec.16737⟩. ⟨hal-03881952⟩
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