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Journal Articles (Data Paper) Scientific Data Year : 2022

Improvement of eukaryotic protein predictions from soil metagenomes


During the last decades, metagenomics has highlighted the diversity of microorganisms from environmental or host-associated samples. Most metagenomics public repositories use annotation pipelines tailored for prokaryotes regardless of the taxonomic origin of contigs. Consequently, eukaryotic contigs with intrinsically different gene features, are not optimally annotated. Using a bioinformatics pipeline, we have filtered 7.9 billion contigs from 6,872 soil metagenomes in the JGI's IMG/M database to identify eukaryotic contigs. We have re-annotated genes using eukaryote-tailored methods, yielding 8 million eukaryotic proteins and over 300,000 orphan proteins lacking homology in public databases. Comparing the gene predictions we made with initial JGI ones on the same contigs, we confirmed our pipeline improves eukaryotic proteins completeness and contiguity in soil metagenomes. The improved quality of eukaryotic proteins combined with a more comprehensive assignment method yielded more reliable taxonomic annotation. This dataset of eukaryotic soil proteins with improved completeness, quality and taxonomic annotation reliability is of interest for any scientist aiming at studying the composition, biological functions and gene flux in soil communities involving eukaryotes.
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hal-03931195 , version 1 (09-01-2023)





Carole Belliardo, Georgios D Koutsovoulos, Corinne Rancurel, Mathilde Clément, Justine Lipuma, et al.. Improvement of eukaryotic protein predictions from soil metagenomes. Scientific Data , 2022, 9 (1), pp.311. ⟨10.1038/s41597-022-01420-4⟩. ⟨hal-03931195⟩
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