In vitro evidences for glucosensing capacity and mechanisms in hypothalamus, hindbrain, and Brockmann bodies of rainbow trout - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles AJP - Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology Year : 2007

In vitro evidences for glucosensing capacity and mechanisms in hypothalamus, hindbrain, and Brockmann bodies of rainbow trout

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Abstract

We aimed to support in vitro the glucosensing capacity observed in vivo in rainbow trout hypothalamus, hindbrain, and Brockmann bodies (BB) and to obtain preliminary evidence of the mechanisms involved. The response of parameters involved in the glucosensing capacity [hexokinase, hexokinase IV (glucokinase), and pyruvate kinase activities and glucose and glycogen levels] was assessed in these tissues incubated for 1 h with 2, 4, or 8 mM d-glucose alone (control) or with specific agonists/inhibitors of the steps involved in glucosensing capacity in mammals. These agents were a competitor for glucose phosphorylation (15 mM mannose), sulfonylurea receptor-1 effectors (500 μM tolbutamide or diazoxide), glycolytic intermediates (15 mM glycerol, lactate, or pyruvate), and inhibitors of glucose transport (10 μM cytochalasin B), glycolysis [20 mM 2-deoxy-d-glucose (2-DG)], and L-type calcium channel (1 μM nifedipine). Control incubations of the three tissues displayed increased glucose and glycogen levels and glucokinase activities in response to increased medium glucose, thus supporting our previous in vivo studies. Furthermore, critical components of the glucosensing mammalian machinery are apparently functioning in the three tissues. The responses in brain regions to all substances tested (except 2-DG and nifedipine) were similar to those observed in mammals, suggesting a similar glucosensing machinery. In contrast, in BB, only the effects of 2-DG, lactate, pyruvate, diazoxide, and nifedipine were similar to those of mammalian β-cells, suggesting that some of the components of the piscine glucosensing model are different than those of mammals. Such differences may relate to the importance of amino acids rather than glucose signaling in the trout BB.
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hal-03949086 , version 1 (20-01-2023)

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Sergio Polakof, Jesús Míguez, José Soengas. In vitro evidences for glucosensing capacity and mechanisms in hypothalamus, hindbrain, and Brockmann bodies of rainbow trout. AJP - Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology, 2007, 293 (3), pp.R1410-R1420. ⟨10.1152/ajpregu.00283.2007⟩. ⟨hal-03949086⟩

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