Right Ventricle Remodeling Metabolic Signature in Experimental Pulmonary Hypertension Models of Chronic Hypoxia and Monocrotaline Exposure - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles Cells Year : 2021

Right Ventricle Remodeling Metabolic Signature in Experimental Pulmonary Hypertension Models of Chronic Hypoxia and Monocrotaline Exposure

Thaïs Hautbergue
  • Function : Author
François Haddad
  • Function : Author
Amélie Delaporte
  • Function : Author
Benoit Colsch

Abstract

Introduction: Over time and despite optimal medical management of patients with pulmonary hypertension (PH), the right ventricle (RV) function deteriorates from an adaptive to maladaptive phenotype, leading to RV failure (RVF). Although RV function is well recognized as a prognostic factor of PH, no predictive factor of RVF episodes has been elucidated so far. We hypothesized that determining RV metabolic alterations could help to understand the mechanism link to the deterioration of RV function as well as help to identify new biomarkers of RV failure. Methods: In the current study, we aimed to characterize the metabolic reprogramming associated with the RV remodeling phenotype during experimental PH induced by chronic-hypoxia-(CH) exposure or monocrotaline-(MCT) exposure in rats. Three weeks after PH initiation, we hemodynamically characterized PH (echocardiography and RV catheterization), and then we used an untargeted metabolomics approach based on liquid chromatography coupled to high-resolution mass spectrometry to analyze RV and LV tissues in addition to plasma samples from MCT-PH and CH-PH rat models. Results: CH exposure induced adaptive RV phenotype as opposed to MCT exposure which induced maladaptive RV phenotype. We found that predominant alterations of arginine, pyrimidine, purine, and tryptophan metabolic pathways were detected on the heart (LV+RV) and plasma samples regardless of the PH model. Acetylspermidine, putrescine, guanidinoacetate RV biopsy levels, and cytosine, deoxycytidine, deoxyuridine, and plasmatic thymidine levels were correlated to RV function in the CH-PH model. It was less likely correlated in the MCT model. These pathways are well described to regulate cell proliferation, cell hypertrophy, and cardioprotection. These findings open novel research perspectives to find biomarkers for early detection of RV failure in PH.
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hal-04008302 , version 1 (28-02-2023)

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Thaïs Hautbergue, Fabrice Antigny, Angèle Boët, François Haddad, Bastien Masson, et al.. Right Ventricle Remodeling Metabolic Signature in Experimental Pulmonary Hypertension Models of Chronic Hypoxia and Monocrotaline Exposure. Cells, 2021, 10 (6), pp.1559. ⟨10.3390/cells10061559⟩. ⟨hal-04008302⟩
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