Untargeted lipidomics uncovers lipid signatures that distinguish severe from moderate forms of acutely decompensated cirrhosis - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of Hepatology Year : 2021

Untargeted lipidomics uncovers lipid signatures that distinguish severe from moderate forms of acutely decompensated cirrhosis

Abstract

Background & Aims: Acute decompensation (AD) of cirrhosis is a heterogeneous clinical entity associated with moderate mortality. In some patients, this condition develops quickly into the more deadly acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF), in which other organs such as the kidneys or brain fail. The aim of this study was to characterize the blood lipidome in a large series of patients with cirrhosis and identify specific signatures associated with AD and ACLF development. Methods: Serum untargeted lipidomics was performed in 561 patients with AD (518 without and 43 with ACLF) (discovery cohort) and in 265 patients with AD (128 without and 137 with ACLF) in whom serum samples were available to perform repeated measurements during the 28-day follow-up (validation cohort). Analyses were also performed in 78 patients with AD included in a therapeutic albumin trial (43 patients with compensated cirrhosis and 29 healthy individuals). Results: The circulating lipid landscape associated with cirrhosis was characterized by a generalized suppression, which was more manifest during AD and in non-surviving patients. By computing discriminating accuracy and the variable importance projection score for each of the 223 annotated lipids, we identified a sphingomyelin fingerprint specific for AD of cirrhosis and a distinct cholesteryl ester and lysophosphatidylcholine finger-print for ACLF. Liver dysfunction and infections were the prin-cipal net contributors to these fingerprints, which were dynamic and interchangeable between patients with AD whose condition worsened to ACLF and those who improved. Notably, blood lysophosphatidylcholine levels increased in these patients after albumin therapy. Conclusions: Our findings provide insights into the lipid land-scape associated with decompensation of cirrhosis and ACLF progression and identify unique non-invasive diagnostic bio-markers of advanced cirrhosis. Lay summary: Analysis of lipids in blood from patients with advanced cirrhosis reveals a general suppression of their levels in the circulation of these patients. A specific group of lipids known as sphingomyelins are useful to distinguish between patients with compensated and decompensated cirrhosis. Another group of lipids designated cholesteryl esters further distinguishes patients with decompensated cirrhosis who are at risk of developing organ failures. (c) 2021 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. on behalf of European Association for the Study of the Liver.
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hal-04008385 , version 1 (28-02-2023)

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Joan Clària, Anna Curto, Richard Moreau, Benoit Colsch, Cristina López-Vicario, et al.. Untargeted lipidomics uncovers lipid signatures that distinguish severe from moderate forms of acutely decompensated cirrhosis. Journal of Hepatology, 2021, 75 (5), pp.1116-1127. ⟨10.1016/j.jhep.2021.06.043⟩. ⟨hal-04008385⟩
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