Developing species distribution models for critically endangered species using participatory data: The European sturgeon marine habitat suitability - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science Year : 2023

Developing species distribution models for critically endangered species using participatory data: The European sturgeon marine habitat suitability

Abstract

Increasing knowledge on distribution and habitat selection of coastal fish species is essential for the management of marine environments, and can be provided through the use of Species Distribution Models (SDM). Opportunistic and participatory data, such as recreational or commercial bycatch data, can provide precious information at large scale and low cost to estimate fish spatial distributions, but are subject to biases (e.g. lack of absence data, non-random sampling scheme). The European sturgeon (Acipenser sturio) is a critically endangered diadromous fish and its marine habitat preferences are unknown. The goal of this study was to investigate key variables driving A. sturio distribution and predict its current distribution in inshore waters along the European Atlantic coast. We developed two correlative SDM in A. sturio marine habitats based on incidental observations (2012-2021) and two different sets of environmental predictors. In both attempts, six methods which differ according to the biases they aim to reduce (i.e. oversampled areas or environmental conditions, dependence between calibration and validation datasets) and the input dataset used (i.e. random pseudo-absences or targetgroup pseudo-absences) were applied at various stages of the model building and evaluation process. By comparing potentially biased and bias-corrected predictions, we found similar satisfactory level of evaluation and spatial patterns of habitat suitability. Marine areas predicted as the most suitable were distributed along the French Atlantic coast, the Seine and Somme bays, and at a lesser extent around the Rhine delta and in some coastal areas of the Cantabrian Sea (Northern Spain). We found a strong influence of the bathymetry, temperature, and salinity as well as an influence of the bottom current velocity and of the distance to the source population in explaining A. sturio marine distribution, while the nature of the substrate was not retained by the models. Results of this study could pave the way toward more integrated conservation measures for this critically endangered fish.
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hal-04038017 , version 1 (20-03-2023)

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Attribution - NonCommercial - NoDerivatives

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Anaïs Charbonnel, Patrick Lambert, Géraldine Lassalle, Eric Quinton, Antoine Guisan, et al.. Developing species distribution models for critically endangered species using participatory data: The European sturgeon marine habitat suitability. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 2023, 280, pp.108136. ⟨10.1016/j.ecss.2022.108136⟩. ⟨hal-04038017⟩
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