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Journal Articles Bioresource Technology Year : 2017

Accumulation of propionic acid during consecutive batch anaerobic digestion of commercial food waste

Abstract

The objective of this study was to test three different alternatives to mitigate the destabilizing effect of accumulation of ammonia and volatile fatty acids during food waste anaerobic digestion. The three options tested (low temperature, co-digestion with paper waste and trace elements addition) were compared using consecutive batch reactors. Although methane was produced efficiently (∼500 mlCH4·gVS-1; 16 lCH4·l reactor-1), the concentrations of propionic acid increased gradually (up to 21.6 g·l-1). This caused lag phases in the methane production and eventually led to acidification at high substrate loads. The addition of trace elements improved the kinetics and allowed higher substrate loads, but could not avoid propionate accumulation. Here, it is shown for the first time that addition of activated carbon, trace elements and dilution can favor propionic acid consumption after its accumulation. These promising options should be optimized to prevent propionate accumulation.
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hal-04180656 , version 1 (13-08-2023)

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Gabriel Capson-Tojo, Diane Ruiz, Maxime Rouez, Marion Crest, Jean-Philippe Steyer, et al.. Accumulation of propionic acid during consecutive batch anaerobic digestion of commercial food waste. Bioresource Technology, 2017, 245, pp.724-733. ⟨10.1016/j.biortech.2017.08.149⟩. ⟨hal-04180656⟩
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