Diatom endemism and taxonomic turnover: Assessment in high-altitude alpine lakes covering a large geographical range - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles Science of the Total Environment Year : 2023

Diatom endemism and taxonomic turnover: Assessment in high-altitude alpine lakes covering a large geographical range

Abstract

Diatoms are widely used as ecological indicators and show various degrees of endemism. Many studies that support the idea of endemic species integrate several climate zones, a variety of ecosystem types, and often focus on a global scale. Here, we investigated whether endemism could be detected when considering a homogeneous type of ecosystem in a single climate zone.We sampled stone biofilms at 40-50 cm depth in high-altitude lakes in the Alpine climate zone. A total of 149 samples were obtained from the French and Georgian mountains, two areas separated by similar to 3000 km. Using Amplicon Sequence Variants derived from DNA metabarcoding, we assessed taxonomic turnover and Zeta-diversity (a measure of endemism). We ran haplotype networks and phylogenetic tests to measure geographical signal in the phylogenies of dominant taxa.The French and Georgian communities shared 51 % of species. Species that were not shared across both regions were mostly rare, and often not characteristic of lakes but of neighboring habitats instead. In contrast, at the sub-species level, 87 % of the genotypes showed restricted distributions. Whereas endemism was the rule at sub-species level, most species were shared across both French and Georgian lakes, suggesting that geographic barriers strongly limited dispersal at the sub-species level but not species level. Dominant species hosted higher levels of sub-specific diversity than rare species. In contrast to global-scale studies, we did not find any significant geographical structuring in the phylogeny of the investigated species. This could indicate ongoing dispersal at a frequency fast enough to prevent allopatric divergence, yet slow enough to prevent sharing most haplotypes between France and Georgia. These results have implications for biomonitoring: depending on the taxonomic level chosen, robust generic tools (species level) or tools dedicated to a region able to discriminate fine pressures differences (sub-species level) may be developed.
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Dates and versions

hal-04247525 , version 1 (18-10-2023)

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Frédéric Rimet, Eveline Pinseel, Agnes Bouchez, Bella Japoshvili, Levan Mumladze. Diatom endemism and taxonomic turnover: Assessment in high-altitude alpine lakes covering a large geographical range. Science of the Total Environment, 2023, 871, pp.161970. ⟨10.1016/j.scitotenv.2023.161970⟩. ⟨hal-04247525⟩
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