3D Printable Gelatin Methacryloyl (GelMA)‐Dextran Aqueous Two‐Phase System with Tunable Pores Structure and Size Enables Physiological Behavior of Embedded Cells In Vitro - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles Small Year : 2023

3D Printable Gelatin Methacryloyl (GelMA)‐Dextran Aqueous Two‐Phase System with Tunable Pores Structure and Size Enables Physiological Behavior of Embedded Cells In Vitro

Abstract

The restricted porosity of most hydrogels established for in vitro 3D tissue engineering applications limits embedded cells with regard to their physiological spreading, proliferation, and migration behavior. To overcome these confines, porous hydrogels derived from aqueous two‐phase systems (ATPS) are an interesting alternative. However, while developing hydrogels with trapped pores is widespread, the design of bicontinuous hydrogels is still challenging. Herein, an ATPS consisting of photo‐crosslinkable gelatin methacryloyl (GelMA) and dextran is presented. The phase behavior, monophasic or biphasic, is tuned via the pH and dextran concentration. This, in turn, allows the formation of hydrogels with three distinct microstructures: homogenous nonporous, regular disconnected‐pores, and bicontinuous with interconnected‐pores. The pore size of the latter two hydrogels can be tuned from ≈4 to 100 µm. Cytocompatibility of the generated ATPS hydrogels is confirmed by testing the viability of stromal and tumor cells. Their distribution and growth pattern are cell‐type specific but are also strongly defined by the microstructure of the hydrogel. Finally, it is demonstrated that the unique porous structure is sustained when processing the bicontinuous system by inkjet and microextrusion techniques. The proposed ATPS hydrogels hold great potential for 3D tissue engineering applications due to their unique tunable interconnected porosity.
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Dates and versions

hal-04337078 , version 1 (12-12-2023)

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Ghazi Ben Messaoud, Sanja Aveic, Mattis Wachendoerfer, Horst Fischer, Walter Richtering. 3D Printable Gelatin Methacryloyl (GelMA)‐Dextran Aqueous Two‐Phase System with Tunable Pores Structure and Size Enables Physiological Behavior of Embedded Cells In Vitro. Small, 2023, 19 (44), ⟨10.1002/smll.202208089⟩. ⟨hal-04337078⟩

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