Association of laboratory test results with the bleeding history in patients with inherited platelet function disorders (the Bleeding Assesment Tool - LABoratory tests substudy): communication from the Platelet Physiology ISTH-SSC - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles Research and Practice in Thrombosis and Haemostasis Year : 2024

Association of laboratory test results with the bleeding history in patients with inherited platelet function disorders (the Bleeding Assesment Tool - LABoratory tests substudy): communication from the Platelet Physiology ISTH-SSC

Abstract

Background: In hemophilia and von Willebrand disease, the degree of alteration of laboratory assays correlates with bleeding manifestations. Few studies have assessed the predictive value for bleeding of laboratory assays in patients with inherited platelet function disorders (IPFDs). Objectives: To assess whether there is an association between platelet function assay results and bleeding history, as evaluated by the International Society on Thrombosis and Haemostasis (ISTH) bleeding assessment tool (BAT). Methods: Centers participating in the international ISTH-BAT validation study were asked to provide results of the diagnostic assays employed for the patients they enrolled, and the association with the individual patients' bleeding score (BS) was assessed. Results: Sixty-eight patients with 14 different IPFDs were included. Maximal amplitude of platelet aggregation was significantly lower in patients with a pathologic BS and correlated inversely with the BS, a finding largely driven by the subgroup of patients with Glanzmann thrombasthenia and CalDAG-GEFI deficiency; after their exclusion, TRAP -induced aggregation remained significantly lower in patients with a pathologic BS. Bleeding time was significantly more prolonged in patients with a high BS than in those with a normal BS (27.1 +/- 6.2 minutes vs 15.1 +/- 10.6 minutes; P < .01). Reduced alpha-granule content was significantly more common among patients with a pathologic BS than among those with a normal BS (80% vs 20%; P < .05). Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis revealed a significant discriminative ability of all the aforementioned tests for pathologic BS (P < .001), also after exclusion of patients with Glanzmann thrombasthenia and CalDAG-GEFI deficiency. Conclusion: This study shows that altered platelet laboratory assay results are associated with an abnormal ISTH-BAT BS in IPFD.
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hal-04557655 , version 1 (24-04-2024)

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Paolo Gresele, Emanuela Falcinelli, Loredana Bury, Marie-Christine Alessi, Giuseppe Guglielmini, et al.. Association of laboratory test results with the bleeding history in patients with inherited platelet function disorders (the Bleeding Assesment Tool - LABoratory tests substudy): communication from the Platelet Physiology ISTH-SSC. Research and Practice in Thrombosis and Haemostasis, 2024, 8 (1), pp.102305. ⟨10.1016/j.rpth.2023.102305⟩. ⟨hal-04557655⟩
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