Infection of Alfalfa Cotyledons by an Incompatible but Not a Compatible Species of Colletotrichum Induces Formation of Paramural Bodies and Secretion of EVs - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions Year : 2024

Infection of Alfalfa Cotyledons by an Incompatible but Not a Compatible Species of Colletotrichum Induces Formation of Paramural Bodies and Secretion of EVs

Suchismita Ghosh
Kamesh Regmi
Barry Stein
Jun Chen
Roger Innes

Abstract

Abstract Hemibiotrophic fungi in the genus Colletotrichum employ a biotrophic phase invading host epidermal cells followed by a necrotrophic phase spreading through neighboring mesophyll and epidermal cells. We used serial block face scanning electron microscopy (SBF-SEM) to compare subcellular changes that occur in Medicago sativa (alfalfa) cotyledons during infection by Colletotrichum destructivum (compatible on M. sativa ) and C. higginsianum (incompatible on M. sativa ). Three-dimensional reconstruction of serial images revealed that alfalfa epidermal cells infected with C. destructivum undergo massive cytological changes during the first 60 hours following inoculation to accommodate extensive intracellular hyphal growth. Conversely, inoculation with the incompatible species C. higginsianum resulted in no successful penetration events and frequent formation of papilla-like structures and cytoplasmic aggregates beneath attempted fungal penetration sites. Further analysis of the incompatible interaction using focused ion beam-scanning electron microcopy (FIB-SEM) revealed formation of large multivesicular body-like structures that appeared spherical and were not visible in compatible interactions. These structures often fused with the host plasma membrane, giving rise to paramural bodies that appeared to be releasing extracellular vesicles (EVs). Isolation of EVs from the apoplastic space of alfalfa leaves at 60h post inoculation showed significantly more vesicles secreted from alfalfa infected with incompatible fungus compared to compatible fungus, which in turn was more than produced by non-infected plants. Thus, the increased frequency of paramural bodies during incompatible interactions correlated with an increase in EV quantity in apoplastic wash fluids. Together, these results suggest that EVs and paramural bodies contribute to immunity during pathogen attack in alfalfa.
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Dates and versions

hal-04572929 , version 1 (13-05-2024)

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Suchismita Ghosh, Kamesh Regmi, Barry Stein, Jun Chen, Richard O’connell, et al.. Infection of Alfalfa Cotyledons by an Incompatible but Not a Compatible Species of Colletotrichum Induces Formation of Paramural Bodies and Secretion of EVs. Molecular Plant-Microbe Interactions, 2024, ⟨10.1101/2024.04.28.591504⟩. ⟨hal-04572929⟩
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