A single base pair duplication in the SLC33A1 gene is associated with fetal losses and neonatal lethality in Manech Tête Rousse dairy sheep - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles Animal Genetics Year : 2024

A single base pair duplication in the SLC33A1 gene is associated with fetal losses and neonatal lethality in Manech Tête Rousse dairy sheep

Abstract

We recently discovered that the Manech Tête Rousse (MTR) deficient homozygous haplotype 2 (MTRDHH2) probably carries a recessive lethal mutation in sheep. In this study, we fine‐mapped this region through whole‐genome sequencing of five MTRDHH2 heterozygous carriers and 95 non‐carriers from various ovine breeds. We identified a single base pair duplication within the SLC33A1 gene, leading to a frameshift mutation and a premature stop codon (p.Arg246Alafs*3). SLC33A1 encodes a transmembrane transporter of acetyl‐coenzyme A that is crucial for cellular metabolism. To investigate the lethality of this mutation in homozygous MTR sheep, we performed at‐risk matings using artificial insemination (AI) between heterozygous SLC33A1 variant carriers ( SLC33A1_dupG ). Pregnancy was confirmed 15 days post‐AI using a blood test measuring interferon Tau‐stimulated MX1 gene expression. Ultrasonography between 45 and 60 days post‐AI revealed a 12% reduction in AI success compared with safe matings, indicating embryonic/fetal loss. This was supported by the MX1 differential expression test suggesting fetal losses between 15 and 60 days of gestation. We also observed a 34.7% pre‐weaning mortality rate in 49 lambs born from at‐risk matings. Homozygous SLC33A1_dupG lambs accounted for 47% of this mortality, with deaths occurring mostly within the first 5 days without visible clinical signs. Therefore, appropriate management of SLC33A1_dupG with an allele frequency of 0.04 in the MTR selection scheme would help increase overall fertility and lamb survival.

Dates and versions

hal-04634995 , version 1 (04-07-2024)

Identifiers

Cite

Maxime Ben Braiek, Soline Szymczak, Céline André, Philippe Bardou, Francis Fidelle, et al.. A single base pair duplication in the SLC33A1 gene is associated with fetal losses and neonatal lethality in Manech Tête Rousse dairy sheep. Animal Genetics, 2024, 55 (4), pp.644-657. ⟨10.1111/age.13459⟩. ⟨hal-04634995⟩
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