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Approche intégrative des enjeux de conservation de la biodiversité méditerranéenne pour la priorisation de la désignation des aires protégées. Application au cas du Liban

Abstract : In the multi-complex ecological and socio-political Mediterranean context, protected areas establishment is strongly conditioned by a wide range of regulatory, land estate, financial, scientific and technical realities. The support of decision makers in the design and implementation of protected areas networks is thus needed. This thesis is founded the concept of prioritization, where socio-ecological conservation issues are prioritized for an appropriate orientation of protection options in Mediterranean countries. It is based on the specific example of Lebanon, where protection initiatives remain so far poorly adapted to ecological conservation needs. The goal is to provide an objective approach, based on a combination of ecological and socio-economic descriptors that would allow a pertinent and adapted guidance of future protected areas designation. Thus, based on a peer and grey literature review, a set of adapted-to-the-Mediterranean-context descriptors, were identified. Arising from these descriptors, we developed a decision support tool (MedConserve) which structures biodiversity conservation priorities based on the best available knowledge. Tested on different sites in Lebanon, this tool suggests several prioritized protection alternatives, from which the user (ministry, municipality, region, etc.) would be able to select the most appropriate option according to the prevailing socio-political context. This study emphasizes the strong political dimension of conservation. Even if the objective is to provide a tool for protected areas designation, the real challenges will always be related to political choices and decisions.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/tel-03138459
Contributor : Yannick Brohard <>
Submitted on : Thursday, February 11, 2021 - 10:44:54 AM
Last modification on : Monday, July 5, 2021 - 10:10:07 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Wednesday, May 12, 2021 - 6:30:46 PM

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  • HAL Id : tel-03138459, version 1

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Rita El-Hajj Sawaya. Approche intégrative des enjeux de conservation de la biodiversité méditerranéenne pour la priorisation de la désignation des aires protégées. Application au cas du Liban. Sciences de l'environnement. Université Aix-Marseille, 2016. Français. ⟨tel-03138459⟩

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