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Characterization of a mineral waste resulting from the melting treatment of air pollution control residues

Abstract : Air pollution control (APC) residues which are generated by municipal solid waste (MSW) incineration show a high-level of pollution potential. In order to stabilize such APC residues, the French power supply company (EDF) is developing a thermal treatment process which leads to the production of a vitrified material. A structural characterization of the vitrified product was carried out by applying complementary investigation methods: XRD, SEM, Raman spectroscopy, EPMA, and data interpretation methods such as mineralogical analysis and principal component analysis (PCA). The major phase of the material was a solid solution of melilite type composed of five end-members: gehlenite (44%), åkermanite (25%), ferri-gehlenite (5%), sodamelilite (14%) and hardystonite (11%). The minor phases identified were spinels and pyroxenes. An ANC leaching test was performed in order to observe the treatment effect on pollutant release. The natural pH was close to 10, and the major element release was less than in the case of untreated APC. This was a consequence of melilite formation. The effect of pH was fundamental for heavy metals release: lower solubilization occurs at pH 10 than at APC's natural pH (11–12).
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Submitted on : Wednesday, September 1, 2010 - 9:50:17 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, August 3, 2022 - 4:01:38 AM

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A. Trujillo-Vazquez, H. Metiver-Pignon, L. Tiruta-Barna, Patrice Piantone. Characterization of a mineral waste resulting from the melting treatment of air pollution control residues. Waste Management, Elsevier, 2009, 29 (2), p. 530-538. ⟨10.1016/j.wasman.2008.06.024⟩. ⟨hal-00514051⟩

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