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Putative toxins from the entomopathogenic bacterium Photorhabdus luminescens kill Armadillidium vulgare (Terrestrial isopod)

Abstract : Terrestrial isopods can be killed by some entomopathogenic bacteria among Xenorhabdus and Photorhabdus species even with no or very limited multiplication. This suggests that toxemia and not septicemia is the major cause of entomopathogenic bacteria pathogenicity against these crustaceans. In this paper, we revealed that the injection of stationary phase culture supernatant of P. luminescens TT01, in which toxins can be accumulated, led alone to a rapid decrease in the number of host immune cells and killed most of the Armadillidium vulgare individuals within 48 h. The pathogenicity was strongly attenuated when supernatant was heated and totally suppressed after 100-kDa filtration suggesting that the toxin responsible for killing A. vulgare would be a protein above this size. Additionally, we tested the culture supernatant of two TT01 mutants that have been previously shown as being altered in their pathogenicity against lepidopteran insects one of them being known as exhibiting lower expression of some toxins. However, the supernatants of the mutants was as pathogenic for A. vulgare as the wild type strains suggesting that the toxins involved in killing A. vulgare may be different than previously described ones.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00956300
Contributor : Christelle Mirebeau Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Thursday, March 6, 2014 - 11:13:03 AM
Last modification on : Friday, August 5, 2022 - 10:44:24 AM

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Mathieu Sicard, Maryline Raimond, Sophie Gaudriault, Anne Lanois, Sylvie Pages, et al.. Putative toxins from the entomopathogenic bacterium Photorhabdus luminescens kill Armadillidium vulgare (Terrestrial isopod). Biological Control, Elsevier, 2014, 69, pp.40-44. ⟨10.1016/j.biocontrol.2013.10.011⟩. ⟨hal-00956300⟩

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